Wind Turbine Safety
Wind turbines are designed with several safety features in place in order to help them continue to function in difficult weather conditions for many years. A domestic wind turbine is designed to last for 20 years, which translates to more than 120,000 hours of operation. When you compare that to a car’s engine, you see what a huge number of operating hours that really is. A car’s engine only operates for about 5,000 hours in its lifetime.
Here are some of the safety features that are built in to wind turbines to ensure that they continue to operate safely for many years.
Every wind turbine contains a variety of wind sensors that help them to run effectively. One of the major sensors is the vibration sensor, which is basically a ball that sits on a ring. The ball has a chain that connects it to a switch. If the turbine begins to vibrate too much due to bad weather or other conditions, the ball will fall off of the ring, pulling the switch and turning the turbine off. This basic concept provides a significant measure of safety. There are other sensors, as well, such as thermometers that measure oil temperature and generator temperature.
2. Rotor Blades
There are safety regulations for the rotor blades of wind turbines which vary from one country to another. In Denmark, rotor blades must be tested statically and dynamically. Testing the rotor blades statically involves using weights in an attempt to bend the blades. Testing them dynamically means measuring the ability of the blade to tolerate fatigue.
3. Overspeed Protection
Overspeed protection is a safety feature that stops the spinning of the rotor blades on the wind turbine in the event of a malfunction.
4. Aerodynamic Braking System: Tip Brakes
Most wind turbines use an aerodynamic braking system as their primary braking system. This means that the rotor blades are turned 90 degrees. They are spring operated so that they will work even if there is a power failure. Aerodynamic braking systems will stop the wind turbine within a couple of rotations, and have a proven history of safety. They are a gentle method used to stop the turbine without exerting unnecessary wear and tear on the turbine.
5. Mechanical Braking System
Many turbines use a mechanical braking system as a backup to the aerodynamic braking system. It acts like a parking brake and keeps the turbine in a stopped position.
Overall, wind energy is a very safe and efficient form of energy that you can use to power your home. Wind energy is cost-effective, and is becoming increasingly popular. If you are interested in learning more about wind energy or are considering a domestic wind turbine, call Windpower Technology. We are experts on small domestic and we can help you to select the system that is best for you. We carefully choose the products that we offer, because we want to give our customers the very best.
Give us a call, and we will pay you a free, comprehensive site visit. During this visit, we will assess the site where you intend to place a wind turbine, and we will use the information gained there to help you find the perfect wind energy system. We will also guide you through the process of obtaining permission from local authorities for the installation of your wind turbine. We will guide you through the process, every step of the way.
Call Windpower Technology, and let our dedicated, professional team assist you in making the transition to wind energy.